spacepy.irbempy.get_Lm(ticks, loci, alpha, extMag='T01STORM', intMag='IGRF', IGRFset=0, omnivals=None)[source]

Return the MacIlwain L value for a given location, time and model

- ticks (Ticktock class)containing time information
  • loci (Coords class) : containing spatial information

  • alpha (list or ndarray) : pitch angles in degrees

  • extMag (string)optional; will choose the external magnetic field model

    possible values [‘0’, ‘MEAD’, ‘T87SHORT’, ‘T87LONG’, ‘T89’, ‘OPQUIET’, ‘OPDYN’, ‘T96’, ‘OSTA’, ‘T01QUIET’, ‘T01STORM’, ‘T05’, ‘ALEX’, ‘TS07’]

  • intMag (string)optional: select the internal field model

    possible values [‘IGRF’,’EDIP’,’JC’,’GSFC’,’DUN’,’CDIP’] For full details see get_Lstar

  • omni values as dictionary (optional) : if not provided, will use lookup table

- results (dictionary)containing keys: Lm, Bmin, Blocal (or Bmirr), Xj, MLT

if pitch angles provided in “alpha” then drift shells are calculated and “Bmirr” is returned if not provided, then “Blocal” at spacecraft is returned. A negative value for Lm indicates the field line is closed but particles are lost to the atmosphere; the absolute value indicates the L value.